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Teaching & Research Interests

  • Eighteenth-century literature
  • Diderot
  • L'Encyclopédie
  • The Comic and the comic tradition of France
  • explication de textes


  • Ph.D (French) Columbia University, 1967

Selected Publications

  • The Comic Philosophes: Montesquieu, Voltaire, Diderot, Sade. Birmingham: Summa, 2002.
  • The Comic Diderot: A Reading of the Fictions. Birmingham: Summa, 2000.
  • Blueprint: A Study of Diderot and the Encyclopédie Plates. Birmingham: Summa, 1993.
  • Socratic Satire: An Essay on Diderot and Le Neveu de Rameau. Birmingham: Summa, 1987.
  • Diderot's Great Scroll: Comic Art in Jacques le Fataliste. Banbury: The Voltaire Foundation, 1975.